German Shepherd Dog Breed Information

The German Shepherd Dog, or GSD, is one of the most well-known dog breeds in the world.

They have a strong personality and are very versatile.

These dogs are one of the best dog breeds for working and herding livestock.

History of the German Shepherd Dog Breed

As the name suggests, these shepherd dogs originated in Germany and was developed originally to herd sheep.

Nowadays, these dogs are used by both police and military for search and security purposes, they also make great service dogs, and are still one of the best herding dogs out there.

The breed was invented by a German breeder name Max von Stephanitz, a captain for the German Army, in 1899.

He used a mix of early shepherd dogs and was able to create a great sheep-herding dog that’s very intelligent and hardworking.

The GSD came to the United States in 1907 and was registered in the American Kennel Club in 1908 along with the Doberman Pinscher.

General Physical Appearance and Traits

The German Shepherd Dog is often longer than tall, but they are very lean yet sturdy for their form.

Most adult male german shepherd dogs stand 24 to 26 inches and weigh 80 to 95 pounds.

Meanwhile, GSD females usually stand 22 to 24 inches and weigh 75 to 85 pounds.

They’re known for their black and tan color, but other color variations like pure black and sable exists too.

There’s also a pure white GSD, but these white german shepherd dogs are not recognized by the AKC and are not allowed to participate in dog competitions.

From their imposing size to their erect ears and dark, intelligent eyes, GSDs have achieved legendary status as the ideal working dog.

These dogs are very attentive and have a strong sense of smell that makes them perfect for police work.

Their intelligence and loyalty make them an excellent choice for any agenda whether it’s in a city or in a vast farmland.

German Shepherd dogs can get the job done for you.

German Shepherd Dog Traits and Characteristics

Since these dogs were bred to be working dogs, it’s no wonder why they have a very strong personality and big frame.

Let’s have a look at other German Shepherd dog traits and characteristics.



German Shepherd dogs are intelligent, loyal, and fearless. They are very protective of their owner/partner and with proper training, they can turn out to be the best working dogs.

General Care

Not recommended for first-time dog owners

These dogs will require a good diet to keep them in optimum shape. As for their double coat, a weekly bathing is suggested, but this will heavily depend on the climate that you’re in. And when they shed, they’ll shed a lot so you’ll need the best shedding comb, and a working vacuum cleaner.


Needs a ton

German Shepherds require regular exercise and training. They’re not the best when they’re turned into couch potatoes since they make the best running partners.

Living Space

The bigger the better

German Shepherd dogs can live in a small apartment as long as they are well exercised. However, due to their physical size, a house with a yard is a much ideal place for them. Having them on a farm is the perfect place for them though.


Might be a problem

These dogs are suspicious dogs. And this makes them an undesirable dog breed for apartment dwellers. They will bark when they hear or see something unfamiliar, when they’re excited, and when they want attention.

Good To Kids

Can be trusted

GSDs can be good with your kids if they are introduced to them early. With proper training, they can serve as good guardians for your little ones.


Prone to some serious health conditions

German shepherd dogs are usually suspect to canine hip dysplasia, degenerative myelopathy, elbow dysplasia, malignant neoplasms, skin allergies, gastric torsion, cataract, pannus, hot spots, and perianal fistulas. This is why they need to be checked by your veterinarian on a regular basis to make sure they’re in their best shape.

Final Thoughts About German Shepherd Dogs

Overall, German Shepherd dogs are loyal and intelligent working dogs.

They are in their best form living in a home with ample space for them to run around and explore.

They need regular exercise and training because they can get bored easily.

German shepherd dogs can be great to kids and are very protective of their family.

They are perfect for active families, police or military officer, athletes, and farm owners.

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